双语时政| 中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会报告(2

十九大习近平总书记发言

《决胜全面建成小康社会夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利》

——中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会报告(2

Secure a Decisive Victory in Building a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects and Strive for the Great Success of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era

——Delivered at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of ChinaII

 

习近平

20171018

Xi Jinping

October 18,2017

 

会议报告【双语】

 

  三、新时代中国特色社会主义思想和基本方略

  Ⅲ.The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and the Basic Policy.

  十八大以来,国内外形势变化和我国各项事业发展都给我们提出了一个重大时代课题,这就是必须从理论和实践结合上系统回答新时代坚持和发展什么样的中国特色社会主义、怎样坚持和发展中国特色社会主义,包括新时代坚持和发展中国特色社会主义的总目标、总任务、总体布局、战略布局和发展方向、发展方式、发展动力、战略步骤、外部条件、政治保证等基本问题,并且要根据新的实践对经济、政治、法治、科技、文化、教育、民生、民族、宗教、社会、生态文明、国家安全、国防和军队、“一国两制”和祖国统一、统一战线、外交、党的建设等各方面作出理论分析和政策指导,以利于更好坚持和发展中国特色社会主义。

  Since our 18th National Congress, changes both in and outside China, and the progress made in all areas of China's endeavors, have presented us with a profound question-the question of an era. Our answer must be a systematic combination of theory and practice and must address what kind of socialism with Chinese characteristics the new era requires us to uphold and develop, and how we should go about doing it. This involves fundamental issues like the overarching objectives, tasks, plan, and strategy for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era; like the direction, model, and driving force of development, and the strategic steps, external conditions, and political guarantees. As well as this, to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, we should, based on new practice, undertake theoretical analysis and produce policy guidance on the economy, political affairs, rule of law, science and technology, culture, education, the wellbeing  of our people, ethnic and religious affairs, social development, ecological conservation, national security, defense and the armed forces, the principle of "one country, two systems" and national reunification, the united front, foreign affairs, and Party building.

  围绕这个重大时代课题,我们党坚持以马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观为指导,坚持解放思想、实事求是、与时俱进、求真务实,坚持辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义,紧密结合新的时代条件和实践要求,以全新的视野深化对共产党执政规律、社会主义建设规律、人类社会发展规律的认识,进行艰辛理论探索,取得重大理论创新成果,形成了新时代中国特色社会主义思想。

  In answering this question, our Party has been guided by Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development. It has continued to free our minds, seek truth from facts, move with the times, and apply a realistic and pragmatic approach. In answering this question, our Party has continued to uphold dialectical and historical materialism; has considered carefully the new conditions of the era and the new requirements of practice; and has adopted an entirely new perspective to deepen its understanding of the laws that underlie governance by the Communist Party, the development of socialism, and the evolution of human society. It has worked hard to undertake theoretical explorations, and has achieved major theoretical innovations, ultimately giving shape to the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.

  新时代中国特色社会主义思想,明确坚持和发展中国特色社会主义,总任务是实现社会主义现代化和中华民族伟大复兴,在全面建成小康社会的基础上,分两步走在本世纪中叶建成富强民主文明和谐美丽的社会主义现代化强国;明确新时代我国社会主要矛盾是人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的发展之间的矛盾,必须坚持以人民为中心的发展思想,不断促进人的全面发展、全体人民共同富裕;明确中国特色社会主义事业总体布局是“五位一体”、战略布局是“四个全面”,强调坚定道路自信、理论自信、制度自信、文化自信;明确全面深化改革总目标是完善和发展中国特色社会主义制度、推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化;明确全面推进依法治国总目标是建设中国特色社会主义法治体系、建设社会主义法治国家;明确党在新时代的强军目标是建设一支听党指挥、能打胜仗、作风优良的人民军队,把人民军队建设成为世界一流军队;明确中国特色大国外交要推动构建新型国际关系,推动构建人类命运共同体;明确中国特色社会主义最本质的特征是中国共产党领导,中国特色社会主义制度的最大优势是中国共产党领导,党是最高政治领导力量,提出新时代党的建设总要求,突出政治建设在党的建设中的重要地位。

  The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era makes certain things clear: It makes clear that the overarching goal of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics is to realize socialist modernization and national rejuvenation, and, that on the basis of finishing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects, a two-step approach should be taken to build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful by the middle of the century. It makes clear that the principal contradiction facing Chinese society in the new era is that between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people's ever-growing needs for a better life. We must therefore continue commitment to our people-centered philosophy of development, and work to promote well-rounded human development and common prosperity for everyone. It makes clear that the overall plan for building socialism with Chinese characteristics is the five-sphere integrated plan, and the overall strategy is the four-pronged comprehensive strategy. It highlights the importance of fostering stronger confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It makes clear that the overall goal of deepening reform in every field is to improve and develop the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and modernize China's system and capacity for governance. It makes clear that the overall goal of comprehensively advancing law-based governance is to establish a system of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics and build a country of socialist rule of law. It makes clear that the Party's goal of building a strong military in the new era is to build the people's forces into world-class forces that obey the Party's command, can fight and win, and maintain excellent conduct. It makes clear that major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics aims to foster a new type of international relations and build a community with a shared future for mankind. It makes clear that the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China; the greatest strength of the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China; the Party is the highest force for political leadership. The Thought sets forth the general requirements for Party building in the new era and underlines the importance of political work in Party building.

  新时代中国特色社会主义思想,是对马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观的继承和发展,是马克思主义中国化最新成果,是党和人民实践经验和集体智慧的结晶,是中国特色社会主义理论体系的重要组成部分,是全党全国人民为实现中华民族伟大复兴而奋斗的行动指南,必须长期坚持并不断发展。

  The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era builds on and further enriches Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development. It represents the latest achievement in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and encapsulates the practical experience and collective wisdom of our Party and the people. It is an important component of the system of theories of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and a guide to action for all our members and all the Chinese people as we strive to achieve national rejuvenation. This Thought must be adhered to and steadily developed on a long-term basis.

  全党要深刻领会新时代中国特色社会主义思想的精神实质和丰富内涵,在各项工作中全面准确贯彻落实。

  Everyone in the Party should develop a good grasp of the essence and rich implications of the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and fully and faithfully apply it in all our work.

  (一)坚持党对一切工作的领导。党政军民学,东西南北中,党是领导一切的。必须增强政治意识、大局意识、核心意识、看齐意识,自觉维护党中央权威和集中统一领导,自觉在思想上政治上行动上同党中央保持高度一致,完善坚持党的领导的体制机制,坚持稳中求进工作总基调,统筹推进“五位一体”总体布局,协调推进“四个全面”战略布局,提高党把方向、谋大局、定政策、促改革的能力和定力,确保党始终总揽全局、协调各方。

  ·Ensuring Party leadership over all work.

  The Party exercises overall leadership over all areas of endeavor in every part of the country. We must strengthen our consciousness of the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment. We must work harder to uphold the authority and centralized, unified leadership of the Central Committee, and closely follow the Central Committee in terms of our thinking, political orientation, and actions. We must improve the institutions and mechanisms for upholding Party leadership, remain committed to the underlying principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability, and ensure coordinated implementation of the five-sphere integrated plan and the four-pronged comprehensive strategy. We must strengthen the Party's ability and resolve to chart our course, craft overall plans, design policy, and promote reform; and we must ensure the Party always provides overall leadership and coordinates the efforts of all involved.

  (二)坚持以人民为中心。人民是历史的创造者,是决定党和国家前途命运的根本力量。必须坚持人民主体地位,坚持立党为公、执政为民,践行全心全意为人民服务的根本宗旨,把党的群众路线贯彻到治国理政全部活动之中,把人民对美好生活的向往作为奋斗目标,依靠人民创造历史伟业。

  ·Committing to a people-centered approach.

  The people are the creators of history; they are the fundamental force that determines our Party and country's future. We must ensure the principal status of the people, and adhere to the Party's commitment to serving the public good and exercising power in the interests of the people. We must observe the Party's fundamental purpose of wholeheartedly serving the people, and put into practice the Party's mass line in all aspects of governance. We must regard as our goal the people's aspirations to live a better life, and rely on the people to move history forward.

  (三)坚持全面深化改革。只有社会主义才能救中国,只有改革开放才能发展中国、发展社会主义、发展马克思主义。必须坚持和完善中国特色社会主义制度,不断推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化,坚决破除一切不合时宜的思想观念和体制机制弊端,突破利益固化的藩篱,吸收人类文明有益成果,构建系统完备、科学规范、运行有效的制度体系,充分发挥我国社会主义制度优越性。

  ·Continuing to comprehensively deepen reform.

  Only with socialism can we save China; only with reform and opening can we develop China, develop socialism, and develop Marxism. We must uphold and improve the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and continue to modernize China's system and capacity for governance. We must have the determination to get rid of all outdated thinking and ideas and all institutional ailments, and to break through the blockades of vested interests. We should draw on the achievements of other civilizations, develop a set of institutions that are well conceived, fully built, procedure based, and efficiently functioning, and do full justice to the strengths of China's socialist system.

  (四)坚持新发展理念。发展是解决我国一切问题的基础和关键,发展必须是科学发展,必须坚定不移贯彻创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享的发展理念。必须坚持和完善我国社会主义基本经济制度和分配制度,毫不动摇巩固和发展公有制经济,毫不动摇鼓励、支持、引导非公有制经济发展,使市场在资源配置中起决定性作用,更好发挥政府作用,推动新型工业化、信息化、城镇化、农业现代化同步发展,主动参与和推动经济全球化进程,发展更高层次的开放型经济,不断壮大我国经济实力和综合国力。

  ·Adopting a new vision for development.

  Development is the underpinning and the key for solving all our country's problems; our development must be sound development. We must pursue with firmness of purpose the vision of innovative, coordinated, green, and open development that is for everyone. We must uphold and improve China's basic socialist economic system and socialist distribution system. There must be no irresolution about working to consolidate and develop the public sector; and there must be no irresolution about working to encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public sector. We must see that in resource allocation, the market plays the decisive role and the government plays its role better. We must see that new industrialization, IT application, urbanization, and agricultural modernization go hand in hand. We must actively participate in and promote economic globalization, develop an open economy of higher standards, and continue to increase China's economic power and composite strength.

  (五)坚持人民当家作主。坚持党的领导、人民当家作主、依法治国有机统一是社会主义政治发展的必然要求。必须坚持中国特色社会主义政治发展道路,坚持和完善人民代表大会制度、中国共产党领导的多党合作和政治协商制度、民族区域自治制度、基层群众自治制度,巩固和发展最广泛的爱国统一战线,发展社会主义协商民主,健全民主制度,丰富民主形式,拓宽民主渠道,保证人民当家作主落实到国家政治生活和社会生活之中。

  ·Seeing that the people run the country.

  Commitment to the organic unity of Party leadership, the people running the country, and law-based governance is a natural element of socialist political development. We must keep to the path of socialist political development with Chinese characteristics; uphold and improve the system of people's congresses, the system of Party-led multiparty cooperation and political consultation, the system of regional ethnic autonomy, and the system of community-level self-governance; and consolidate and develop the broadest possible patriotic united front. We should develop socialist consultative democracy, improve our democratic institutions, diversify our forms of democracy, and establish more democratic channels. We must see to it that the principle of the people running the country is put into practice in China's political and social activities.

  (六)坚持全面依法治国。全面依法治国是中国特色社会主义的本质要求和重要保障。必须把党的领导贯彻落实到依法治国全过程和各方面,坚定不移走中国特色社会主义法治道路,完善以宪法为核心的中国特色社会主义法律体系,建设中国特色社会主义法治体系,建设社会主义法治国家,发展中国特色社会主义法治理论,坚持依法治国、依法执政、依法行政共同推进,坚持法治国家、法治政府、法治社会一体建设,坚持依法治国和以德治国相结合,依法治国和依规治党有机统一,深化司法体制改革,提高全民族法治素养和道德素质。

  ·Ensuring every dimension of governance is law-based.

  Law-based governance is an essential requirement and important guarantee for socialism with Chinese characteristics. We must exercise Party leadership at every point in the process and over every dimension of law-based governance, and be fully committed to promoting socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics. We must improve the Chinese socialist system of laws, at the heart of which is the Constitution; establish a Chinese system of socialist rule of law; build a socialist country based on the rule of law; and develop Chinese socialist rule of law theory. We must pursue coordinated progress in law-based governance, law-based exercise of state power, and law-based government administration, and promote the integrated development of rule of law for the country, the government, and society. We must continue to promote a combination of rule of law and rule of virtue, and combine law-based governance of the country and rule-based governance over the Party. We must further the reform of the judicial system, and strengthen rule of law awareness among all our people while also enhancing their moral integrity.

  (七)坚持社会主义核心价值体系。文化自信是一个国家、一个民族发展中更基本、更深沉、更持久的力量。必须坚持马克思主义,牢固树立共产主义远大理想和中国特色社会主义共同理想,培育和践行社会主义核心价值观,不断增强意识形态领域主导权和话语权,推动中华优秀传统文化创造性转化、创新性发展,继承革命文化,发展社会主义先进文化,不忘本来、吸收外来、面向未来,更好构筑中国精神、中国价值、中国力量,为人民提供精神指引。

  ·Upholding core socialist values.

  Cultural confidence represents a fundamental and profound force that sustains the development of a country and a nation. We must uphold Marxism, firm up and further build the ideal of Communism and a shared ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and nurture and practice core socialist values, while making continued and greater efforts to maintain the initiative and ensure we have our say in the realm of ideology. We must promote the creative evolution and development of fine traditional Chinese culture, see our revolutionary culture remains alive and strong, and develop an advanced socialist culture. We should cherish our cultural roots, draw on other cultures, and be forward-thinking. We should do more to foster a Chinese spirit, Chinese values, and Chinese strength to provide a source of cultural and moral guidance for our people.

   (八)坚持在发展中保障和改善民生。增进民生福祉是发展的根本目的。必须多谋民生之利、多解民生之忧,在发展中补齐民生短板、促进社会公平正义,在幼有所育、学有所教、劳有所得、病有所医、老有所养、住有所居、弱有所扶上不断取得新进展,深入开展脱贫攻坚,保证全体人民在共建共享发展中有更多获得感,不断促进人的全面发展、全体人民共同富裕。建设平安中国,加强和创新社会治理,维护社会和谐稳定,确保国家长治久安、人民安居乐业。

  ·Ensuring and improving living standards through development.

  The wellbeing of the people is the fundamental goal of development. We must do more to improve the lives and address the concerns of the people, and use development to strengthen areas of weakness and promote social fairness and justice. We should make steady progress in ensuring people's access to childcare, education, employment, medical services, elderly care, housing, and social assistance. We will intensify poverty alleviation, see that all our people have a greater sense of fulfillment as they contribute to and gain from development, and continue to promote well-rounded human development and common prosperity for everyone. We will continue the Peaceful China initiative, strengthen and develop new forms of social governance, and ensure social harmony and stability. We must work hard to see that our country enjoys enduring peace and stability and our people live and work in contentment.

  (九)坚持人与自然和谐共生。建设生态文明是中华民族永续发展的千年大计。必须树立和践行绿水青山就是金山银山的理念,坚持节约资源和保护环境的基本国策,像对待生命一样对待生态环境,统筹山水林田湖草系统治理,实行最严格的生态环境保护制度,形成绿色发展方式和生活方式,坚定走生产发展、生活富裕、生态良好的文明发展道路,建设美丽中国,为人民创造良好生产生活环境,为全球生态安全作出贡献。

  ·Ensuring harmony between human and nature.

  Building an ecological civilization is vital to sustain the Chinese nation's development. We must realize that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets and act on this understanding, implement our fundamental national policy of conserving resources and protecting the environment, and cherish the environment as we cherish our own lives. We will adopt a holistic approach to conserving our mountains, rivers, forests, farmlands, lakes, and grasslands, implement the strictest possible systems for environmental protection, and develop eco-friendly growth models and ways of life. We must pursue a model of sustainable development featuring increased production, higher living standards, and healthy ecosystems. We must continue the Beautiful China initiative to create good working and living environments for our people and play our part in ensuring global ecological security.

  (十)坚持总体国家安全观。统筹发展和安全,增强忧患意识,做到居安思危,是我们党治国理政的一个重大原则。必须坚持国家利益至上,以人民安全为宗旨,以政治安全为根本,统筹外部安全和内部安全、国土安全和国民安全、传统安全和非传统安全、自身安全和共同安全,完善国家安全制度体系,加强国家安全能力建设,坚决维护国家主权、安全、发展利益。

  ·Pursuing a holistic approach to national security.

  We should ensure both development and security and be ever ready to protect against potential dangers in time of peace. This is a major principle underlying the Party's governance. We must put national interests first, take protecting our people's security as our mission and safeguarding political security as a fundamental task, and ensure both internal and external security, homeland and public security, traditional and non-traditional security, and China's own and common security. We will improve our systems and institutions and enhance capacity-building for national security, and resolutely safeguard China's sovereignty, security, and development interests.

  (十一)坚持党对人民军队的绝对领导。建设一支听党指挥、能打胜仗、作风优良的人民军队,是实现“两个一百年”奋斗目标、实现中华民族伟大复兴的战略支撑。必须全面贯彻党领导人民军队的一系列根本原则和制度,确立新时代党的强军思想在国防和军队建设中的指导地位,坚持政治建军、改革强军、科技兴军、依法治军,更加注重聚焦实战,更加注重创新驱动,更加注重体系建设,更加注重集约高效,更加注重军民融合,实现党在新时代的强军目标。

  ·Upholding absolute Party leadership over the people's forces.

  Building people's forces that obey the Party's command, can fight and win, and maintain excellent conduct is strategically important to achieving the two centenary goals and national rejuvenation. To realize the Party's goal of building a powerful military in the new era, we must fully implement the fundamental principles and systems of Party leadership over the military, and see that Party strategy on strengthening military capabilities for the new era guides work to build national defense and the armed forces. We must continue to enhance the political loyalty of the armed forces, strengthen them through reform and technology, and run them in accordance with law. We must place greater focus on combat, encourage innovation, build systems, increase efficacy and efficiency, and further military-civilian integration.

  (十二)坚持“一国两制”和推进祖国统一。保持香港、澳门长期繁荣稳定,实现祖国完全统一,是实现中华民族伟大复兴的必然要求。必须把维护中央对香港、澳门特别行政区全面管治权和保障特别行政区高度自治权有机结合起来,确保“一国两制”方针不会变、不动摇,确保“一国两制”实践不变形、不走样。必须坚持一个中国原则,坚持“九二共识”,推动两岸关系和平发展,深化两岸经济合作和文化往来,推动两岸同胞共同反对一切分裂国家的活动,共同为实现中华民族伟大复兴而奋斗。

  ·Upholding the principle of "one country, two systems" and promoting national reunification.

  Maintaining lasting prosperity and stability in Hong Kong and Macao and achieving China's full reunification are essential to realizing national rejuvenation. We must ensure both the central government's overall jurisdiction over the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions and a high degree of autonomy in the two regions. We should ensure that the principle of "one country, two systems" remains unchanged, is unwaveringly upheld, and in practice is not bent or distorted. We must uphold the one-China principle and the 1992 Consensus, promote the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations, deepen economic cooperation and cultural exchange between the two sides of the Straits, and encourage fellow Chinese on both sides to oppose all separatist activities and work together to realize Chinese national rejuvenation.

  (十三)坚持推动构建人类命运共同体。中国人民的梦想同各国人民的梦想息息相通,实现中国梦离不开和平的国际环境和稳定的国际秩序。必须统筹国内国际两个大局,始终不渝走和平发展道路、奉行互利共赢的开放战略,坚持正确义利观,树立共同、综合、合作、可持续的新安全观,谋求开放创新、包容互惠的发展前景,促进和而不同、兼收并蓄的文明交流,构筑尊崇自然、绿色发展的生态体系,始终做世界和平的建设者、全球发展的贡献者、国际秩序的维护者。

  ·Promoting the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.

  The dream of the Chinese people is closely connected with the dreams of the peoples of other countries; the Chinese Dream can be realized only in a peaceful international environment and under a stable international order. We must keep in mind both our internal and international imperatives, stay on the path of peaceful development, and continue to pursue a mutually beneficial strategy of opening up. We will uphold justice while pursuing shared interests, and will foster new thinking on common, comprehensive, cooperative, and sustainable security. We will pursue open, innovative, and inclusive development that benefits everyone; boost cross-cultural exchanges characterized by harmony within diversity, inclusiveness, and mutual learning; and cultivate ecosystems based on respect for nature and green development. China will continue its efforts to safeguard world peace, contribute to global development, and uphold international order.

  (十四)坚持全面从严治党。勇于自我革命,从严管党治党,是我们党最鲜明的品格。必须以党章为根本遵循,把党的政治建设摆在首位,思想建党和制度治党同向发力,统筹推进党的各项建设,抓住“关键少数”,坚持“三严三实”,坚持民主集中制,严肃党内政治生活,严明党的纪律,强化党内监督,发展积极健康的党内政治文化,全面净化党内政治生态,坚决纠正各种不正之风,以零容忍态度惩治腐败,不断增强党自我净化、自我完善、自我革新、自我提高的能力,始终保持党同人民群众的血肉联系。

  ·Exercising full and rigorous governance over the Party.

  To have the courage to carry out self-reform and conduct strict self-governance: this is the most distinctive part of our Party's good character. We must uphold the Party Constitution as our fundamental rules, give top priority to the political work of the Party, combine efforts on ideological work and institution building, and strengthen Party competence in all respects. We must focus on oversight over the "key few" by which we mean leading officials, and see that the principle of Three Stricts and Three Earnests are observed. We must uphold democratic centralism, ensure that intraparty political activities are carried out in earnest, impose strict Party discipline, and strengthen internal oversight. We must develop a positive and healthy political culture in the Party and improve the Party's political ecosystem, resolutely correct misconduct in all its forms, and show zero tolerance for corruption. We will continue to strengthen the Party's ability to purify, improve, and reform itself, and forever maintain its close ties with the people.

  以上十四条,构成新时代坚持和发展中国特色社会主义的基本方略。全党同志必须全面贯彻党的基本理论、基本路线、基本方略,更好引领党和人民事业发展。

  The above 14 points form the basic policy that underpins our endeavors to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. All our members must fully implement the Party's basic theory, line, and policy so as to better steer the development of the Party and people's cause.

  实践没有止境,理论创新也没有止境。世界每时每刻都在发生变化,中国也每时每刻都在发生变化,我们必须在理论上跟上时代,不断认识规律,不断推进理论创新、实践创新、制度创新、文化创新以及其他各方面创新。

  Just as there are no bounds to practice, there is no end to theoretical exploration. The world is changing with every second, every moment; and China, too, is changing with every second, every moment. We must ensure our theory evolves with the times, deepen our appreciation of objective laws, and advance our theoretical, practical, institutional, cultural, and other explorations.

  同志们!时代是思想之母,实践是理论之源。只要我们善于聆听时代声音,勇于坚持真理、修正错误,二十一世纪中国的马克思主义一定能够展现出更强大、更有说服力的真理力量!

  Comrades! The era is the mother of thought; practice is the fount of theory. If we respond to the call of our times and have the courage to uphold truth and correct errors, the Marxism of 21st century China will, without a doubt, emanate more mighty, more compelling power of truth.

  四、决胜全面建成小康社会,开启全面建设社会主义现代化国家新征程

  Ⅳ.Securing a Decisive Victory in Building a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects and Embarking on a Journey to Fully Build a Modern Socialist China.

  改革开放之后,我们党对我国社会主义现代化建设作出战略安排,提出“三步走”战略目标。解决人民温饱问题、人民生活总体上达到小康水平这两个目标已提前实现。在这个基础上,我们党提出,到建党一百年时建成经济更加发展、民主更加健全、科教更加进步、文化更加繁荣、社会更加和谐、人民生活更加殷实的小康社会,然后再奋斗三十年,到新中国成立一百年时,基本实现现代化,把我国建成社会主义现代化国家。

  After adopting the policy of reform and opening up, our Party laid out three strategic goals for achieving socialist modernization in China. The first two-ensuring that people's basic needs are met and that their lives are generally decent-have been accomplished ahead of time. Building on this, our Party then developed the vision that by the time we, the Party, celebrate our centenary, we will have developed our society into a moderately prosperous one with a stronger economy, greater democracy, more advanced science and education, thriving culture, greater social harmony, and a better quality of life. After this, with another 30 years of work, and by the time we celebrate the centenary of the People's Republic of China, we will have basically achieved modernization and turned China into a modern socialist country.

  从现在到二〇二〇年,是全面建成小康社会决胜期。要按照十六大、十七大、十八大提出的全面建成小康社会各项要求,紧扣我国社会主要矛盾变化,统筹推进经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设、生态文明建设,坚定实施科教兴国战略、人才强国战略、创新驱动发展战略、乡村振兴战略、区域协调发展战略、可持续发展战略、军民融合发展战略,突出抓重点、补短板、强弱项,特别是要坚决打好防范化解重大风险、精准脱贫、污染防治的攻坚战,使全面建成小康社会得到人民认可、经得起历史检验。

  The period between now and 2020 will be decisive in finishing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects. We must follow the requirements on building this society set out at our 16th, 17th and 18th National Congresses, act in response to the evolution of the principal contradiction in Chinese society, and promote coordinated economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological advancement. We must show firm resolve in implementing the strategy for invigorating China through science and education, the strategy on developing a quality workforce, the innovation-driven development strategy, the rural vitalization strategy, the coordinated regional development strategy, the sustainable development strategy, and the military-civilian integration strategy. We must focus on priorities, address inadequacies, and shore up points of weakness. In this regard, I want to stress that we must take tough steps to forestall and defuse major risks, carry out targeted poverty alleviation, and prevent and control pollution, so that the moderately prosperous society we build earns the people's approval and stands the test of time.

  从十九大到二十大,是“两个一百年”奋斗目标的历史交汇期。我们既要全面建成小康社会、实现第一个百年奋斗目标,又要乘势而上开启全面建设社会主义现代化国家新征程,向第二个百年奋斗目标进军。

  The period between the 19th and the 20th National Congress is the period in which the timeframes of the two centenary goals converge. In this period, not only must we finish building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and achieve the first centenary goal; we must also build on this achievement to embark on a new journey toward the second centenary goal of fully building a modern socialist country.

 综合分析国际国内形势和我国发展条件,从二〇二〇年到本世纪中叶可以分两个阶段来安排。

  Based on a comprehensive analysis of the international and domestic environments and the conditions for China's development, we have drawn up a two-stage development plan for the period from 2020 to the middle of this century.

  第一个阶段,从二〇二〇年到二〇三五年,在全面建成小康社会的基础上,再奋斗十五年,基本实现社会主义现代化。到那时,我国经济实力、科技实力将大幅跃升,跻身创新型国家前列;人民平等参与、平等发展权利得到充分保障,法治国家、法治政府、法治社会基本建成,各方面制度更加完善,国家治理体系和治理能力现代化基本实现;社会文明程度达到新的高度,国家文化软实力显著增强,中华文化影响更加广泛深入;人民生活更为宽裕,中等收入群体比例明显提高,城乡区域发展差距和居民生活水平差距显著缩小,基本公共服务均等化基本实现,全体人民共同富裕迈出坚实步伐;现代社会治理格局基本形成,社会充满活力又和谐有序;生态环境根本好转,美丽中国目标基本实现。

  In the first stage from 2020 to 2035,we will build on the foundation created by the moderately prosperous society with a further 15 years of hard work to see that socialist modernization is basically realized. The vision is that by the end of this stage, the following goals will have been met China's economic and technological strength has increased significantly. China has become a global leader in innovation. The rights of the people to participate and to develop as equals are adequately protected. The rule of law for the country, the government, and society is basically in place. Institutions in all fields are further improved; the modernization of China's system and capacity for governance is basically achieved. Social etiquette and civility are significantly enhanced. China's cultural soft power has grown much stronger; Chinese culture has greater appeal. People are leading more comfortable lives, and the size of the middle-income group has grown considerably. Disparities in urban-rural development, in development between regions, and in living standards are significantly reduced; equitable access to basic public services is basically ensured; and solid progress has been made toward prosperity for everyone. A modern social governance system has basically taken shape, and society is full of vitality, harmonious, and orderly. There is a fundamental improvement in the environment; the goal of building a Beautiful China is basically attained.

  第二个阶段,从二〇三五年到本世纪中叶,在基本实现现代化的基础上,再奋斗十五年,把我国建成富强民主文明和谐美丽的社会主义现代化强国。到那时,我国物质文明、政治文明、精神文明、社会文明、生态文明将全面提升,实现国家治理体系和治理能力现代化,成为综合国力和国际影响力领先的国家,全体人民共同富裕基本实现,我国人民将享有更加幸福安康的生活,中华民族将以更加昂扬的姿态屹立于世界民族之林。

  In the second stage from 2035 to the middle of the 21st century, we will, building on having basically achieved modernization, work hard for a further 15 years and develop China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful. By the end of this stage, the following goals will have been met: New heights are reached in every dimension of material, political, cultural and ethical, social, and ecological advancement. Modernization of China's system and capacity for governance is achieved. China has become a global leader in terms of composite national strength and international influence. Common prosperity for everyone is basically achieved. The Chinese people enjoy happier, safer, and healthier lives. The Chinese nation will become a proud and active member of the community of nations.

  同志们!从全面建成小康社会到基本实现现代化,再到全面建成社会主义现代化强国,是新时代中国特色社会主义发展的战略安排。我们要坚忍不拔、锲而不舍,奋力谱写社会主义现代化新征程的壮丽篇章!

  Comrades! This is our strategic vision for developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era: Finish building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, proceed to basically realize modernization, and then move on to turn China into a great modern socialist country in every dimension. We must work with resolve and tenacity and write a brilliant chapter on our new journey to socialist modernization.

  五、贯彻新发展理念,建设现代化经济体系

  V. Applying a New Vision of Development and Developing a Modernized Economy.

  实现“两个一百年”奋斗目标、实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦,不断提高人民生活水平,必须坚定不移把发展作为党执政兴国的第一要务,坚持解放和发展社会生产力,坚持社会主义市场经济改革方向,推动经济持续健康发展。

  To deliver on the two centenary goals, realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation, and steadily improve our people's lives, we must continue to pursue development as the Party's top priority in governance; we must unleash and develop productive forces, continue reforms to develop the socialist market economy, and promote sustained and sound economic growth.

  我国经济已由高速增长阶段转向高质量发展阶段,正处在转变发展方式、优化经济结构、转换增长动力的攻关期,建设现代化经济体系是跨越关口的迫切要求和我国发展的战略目标。必须坚持质量第一、效益优先,以供给侧结构性改革为主线,推动经济发展质量变革、效率变革、动力变革,提高全要素生产率,着力加快建设实体经济、科技创新、现代金融、人力资源协同发展的产业体系,着力构建市场机制有效、微观主体有活力、宏观调控有度的经济体制,不断增强我国经济创新力和竞争力。

  China's economy has been transitioning from a phase of rapid growth to a stage of high-quality development. This is a pivotal stage for transforming our growth model, improving our economic structure, and fostering new drivers of growth. It is imperative that we develop a modernized economy. This is both an urgent requirement for getting us smoothly through this critical transition and a strategic goal for China's development. We must put quality first and give priority to performance. We should pursue supply-side structural reform as our main task, and work hard for better quality, higher efficiency, and more robust drivers of economic growth through reform. We need to raise total factor productivity and accelerate the building of an industrial system that promotes coordinated development of the real economy with technological innovation, modern finance, and human resources. We should endeavor to develop an economy with more effective market mechanisms, dynamic micro-entities, and sound macro-regulation. This will steadily strengthen the innovation capacity and competitiveness of China's economy.

  (一)深化供给侧结构性改革。建设现代化经济体系,必须把发展经济的着力点放在实体经济上,把提高供给体系质量作为主攻方向,显著增强我国经济质量优势。加快建设制造强国,加快发展先进制造业,推动互联网、大数据、人工智能和实体经济深度融合,在中高端消费、创新引领、绿色低碳、共享经济、现代供应链、人力资本服务等领域培育新增长点、形成新动能。支持传统产业优化升级,加快发展现代服务业,瞄准国际标准提高水平。促进我国产业迈向全球价值链中高端,培育若干世界级先进制造业集群。加强水利、铁路、公路、水运、航空、管道、电网、信息、物流等基础设施网络建设。坚持去产能、去库存、去杠杆、降成本、补短板,优化存量资源配置,扩大优质增量供给,实现供需动态平衡。激发和保护企业家精神,鼓励更多社会主体投身创新创业。建设知识型、技能型、创新型劳动者大军,弘扬劳模精神和工匠精神,营造劳动光荣的社会风尚和精益求精的敬业风气。

  ·Furthering supply-side structural reform.

  In developing a modernized economy, we must focus on the real economy, give priority to improving the quality of the supply system, and enhance our economy's strength in terms of quality. We will work faster to build China into a manufacturer of quality and develop advanced manufacturing, promote further integration of the internet, big data, and artificial intelligence with the real economy, and foster new growth areas and drivers of growth in medium-high end consumption, innovation-driven development, the green and low-carbon economy, the sharing economy, modern supply chains, and human capital services. We will support traditional industries in upgrading themselves and accelerate development of modern service industries to elevate them to international standards. We will move Chinese industries up to the medium-high end of the global value chain, and foster a number of world-class advanced manufacturing clusters. We will strengthen infrastructure networks for water conservancy, railways, highways, waterways, aviation, pipelines, power grids, information, and logistics. We will continue efforts to cut overcapacity, reduce excess inventory, deleverage, lower costs, and strengthen areas of weakness, and work to achieve a dynamic balance between supply and demand by improving the allocation of available resources and increasing high-quality supply. We will inspire and protect entrepreneurship, and encourage more entities to make innovations and start businesses. We will build an educated, skilled, and innovative workforce, foster respect for model workers, promote quality workmanship, and see that taking pride in labor becomes a social norm and seeking excellence is valued as a good work ethic.

  (二)加快建设创新型国家。创新是引领发展的第一动力,是建设现代化经济体系的战略支撑。要瞄准世界科技前沿,强化基础研究,实现前瞻性基础研究、引领性原创成果重大突破。加强应用基础研究,拓展实施国家重大科技项目,突出关键共性技术、前沿引领技术、现代工程技术、颠覆性技术创新,为建设科技强国、质量强国、航天强国、网络强国、交通强国、数字中国、智慧社会提供有力支撑。加强国家创新体系建设,强化战略科技力量。深化科技体制改革,建立以企业为主体、市场为导向、产学研深度融合的技术创新体系,加强对中小企业创新的支持,促进科技成果转化。倡导创新文化,强化知识产权创造、保护、运用。培养造就一大批具有国际水平的战略科技人才、科技领军人才、青年科技人才和高水平创新团队。

  ·Making China a country of innovators.

  Innovation is the primary force driving development; it is the strategic underpinning for building a modernized economy. We should aim to reach frontier areas of science and technology, strengthen basic research, and make major breakthroughs in pioneering basic research and path-breaking and original innovations. We will strengthen basic research in applied sciences, launch major national science and technology projects, and prioritize innovation in key generic technologies, cutting-edge frontier technologies, modern engineering technologies, and disruptive technologies. These efforts will provide powerful support for building China's strength in science and technology, product quality, aerospace, cyberspace, and transportation; and for building a digital China and a smart society. We will improve our national innovation system and boost our strategic scientific and technological strength. We will further reform the management system for science and technology, and develop a market-oriented system for technological innovation in which enterprises are the main players and synergy is created through the joint efforts of enterprises, universities, and research institutes. We will support innovation by small and medium-sized enterprises and encourage the application of advances in science and technology. We will foster a culture of innovation, and strengthen the creation, protection, and application of intellectual property. We should cultivate a large number of world-class scientists and technologists in strategically important fields, scientific and technological leaders, and young scientists and engineers, as well as high-performing innovation teams.

  (三)实施乡村振兴战略。农业农村农民问题是关系国计民生的根本性问题,必须始终把解决好“三农”问题作为全党工作重中之重。要坚持农业农村优先发展,按照产业兴旺、生态宜居、乡风文明、治理有效、生活富裕的总要求,建立健全城乡融合发展体制机制和政策体系,加快推进农业农村现代化。巩固和完善农村基本经营制度,深化农村土地制度改革,完善承包地“三权”分置制度。保持土地承包关系稳定并长久不变,第二轮土地承包到期后再延长三十年。深化农村集体产权制度改革,保障农民财产权益,壮大集体经济。确保国家粮食安全,把中国人的饭碗牢牢端在自己手中。构建现代农业产业体系、生产体系、经营体系,完善农业支持保护制度,发展多种形式适度规模经营,培育新型农业经营主体,健全农业社会化服务体系,实现小农户和现代农业发展有机衔接。促进农村一二三产业融合发展,支持和鼓励农民就业创业,拓宽增收渠道。加强农村基层基础工作,健全自治、法治、德治相结合的乡村治理体系。培养造就一支懂农业、爱农村、爱农民的“三农”工作队伍。

  ·Pursuing a rural vitalization strategy.

  Issues relating to agriculture, rural areas, and rural people are fundamental to China as they directly concern our country's stability and our people's wellbeing. Addressing these issues should have a central place on the work agenda of the Party, and we must prioritize the development of agriculture and rural areas. To build rural areas with thriving businesses, pleasant living environments, social etiquette and civility, effective governance, and prosperity, we need to put in place sound systems, mechanisms, and policies for promoting integrated urban-rural development, and speed up the modernization of agriculture and rural areas. We will consolidate and improve the basic rural operation system, advance reform of the rural land system, and improve the system for separating the ownership rights, contract rights, and management rights for contracted rural land. Rural land contracting practices will remain stable and unchanged on a long-term basis; the current round of contracts will be extended for another 30 years upon expiration. We will press ahead with reform of the rural collective property rights system, safeguard the property rights and interests of rural people, and strengthen the collective economy. We must ensure China's food security so that we always have control over our own food supply. We will establish industrial, production, and business operation systems for modern agriculture, and improve the systems for supporting and protecting agriculture. We will develop appropriately scaled agricultural operations of various forms, cultivate new types of agribusiness, improve specialized agricultural services, and encourage small household farmers to become involved in modern agriculture. We will promote the integrated development of the primary, secondary, and tertiary industries in rural areas, support and encourage employment and business startups there, and open up more channels to increase rural incomes. We will strengthen basic services in rural communities, and improve the governance model in rural areas based on a combination of self-governance, rule of law, and rule of virtue. We will train professional rural service personnel who have a good knowledge of agriculture, love our rural areas, and care about rural people.